27. December 2020 · Comments Off on Mediterranean · Categories: News · Tags: , , , ,

Mediterranean anemia, also called Thalassemia is an inherited disorder of the blood of the defective genes from one or both parents. Affected individuals have less hemoglobin and less red blood cells than normal. For more information see this site: Yael Aflalo. Hemoglobin allows red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body and carry carbon dioxide to the lungs to be exhaled. When the body does not have enough oxygen delivered to your organs and tissues, the person feels fatigued. Mediterranean anemia symptoms are fatigue and weakness due to lack of oxygen in the body. The victims of this disorder may also experience shortness of breath, unusual paleness or a yellowing of the skin called jaundice. (Source: Novavax). Symptoms vary from mild to severe, and can be present from birth. Some patients do not experience any symptoms until advanced disease.

Patients with Mediterranean anaemia can have an excess of iron in your blood stream due to frequent blood transfusions. Infections they are also common due to blood transfusions and can be serious like hepatitis. Severe cases cause deformities of the bones, spleen enlargement, decreased growth rates, and heart problems, including congestive heart failure and arrhythmia. Blood tests to measure the amount of iron in the blood, the amount of red blood cells, hemoglobin and thus diagnose the Mediterranean anemia in children occur in children. Prenatal tests should also be done if parents are carriers of the defective genes responsible for disease. Prenatal testing methods include sampling of chorionic villi of the placenta around eleven weeks, amniocentesis amniotic fluid at 16 weeks, and the sampling of fetal blood after 18 weeks.

Treatment for mild cases is minimal, although patients need blood transfusions regularly, in cases of surgery and after giving birth. Most of the symptoms of anemia of the Mediterranean they can be managed by following some basic guidelines of health and running changes in lifestyle. Enters the ways of curing anemia is avoid excess iron, and eat a nutritious diet rich in folic acid, calcium, zinc and vitamin D to help the production of new red blood cells and maintain healthy bones. Given that the risk of infection is high, it is vital that patients receive the annual influenza vaccine and keep abreast with other vaccines.

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